Despite significantly increased adoption, DeFi blue chips had a lousy year in terms of price action.
- Despite ever-stronger fundamentals, DeFi blue chips underperformed Ethereum by over 110%.
- The DeFi Pulse Index, a benchmark tracking the performance of 18 DeFi blue chips, has retraced over 55% from the all-time high price it made this year.
- Curve was the only blue chip protocol to outperform Ethereum in 2021, up over 900% year-to-date.
DeFi Blue Chips Lazed In Price Despite Strong Fundamentals
While 2021 was undoubtedly a great year to hold crypto, looking back, it seems that most investors would’ve been better off holding the two biggest cryptocurrencies than most of DeFi’s blue chips.
According to data from DeFi Llama, 2021 began with approximately $20 billion in total value locked across decentralized finance protocols; at the end of the year, that number was $250 billion. However, despite the impressive growth in usage and adoption, most DeFi blue chip protocols lagged behind and other Layer 1s in price action.
For example, the DeFi Pulse Index (DPI), a benchmark comprising 18 DeFi blue chip tokens on Ethereum—including , , , , , , and —was up 300% in dollar terms this past year. For comparison, the second-largest cryptocurrency on the market, Ethereum, surged over 540% in the same period.
Measured another way, Ethereum was down only 20% from its all-time high price of $4,878 in November, while the DPI retracted over 55% from its all-time highs in May. Year-to-date, DPI underperformed Ethereum by over 110%. Interestingly, DPI has been tracking the performance of the entire cryptocurrency market, which has risen approximately 300% in 2021, with stunning accuracy.
The largest decentralized exchange in crypto, Uniswap, was down over 58% from its all-time highs and had been consistently underperforming Ethereum over most of the year’s course. Aave, Maker, Sushi, Yearn, Synthetix, and Compound were also down 58%, 61%, 57%, 65%, and 77% from their all-time highs, respectively.
In the traditional equities market, the term “blue chip” is typically used for companies that have reached a household status in their respective industries. Experienced investors think of these as businesses with strong fundamentals that have stood the test of time and are here to stay. These may include Amazon (NASDAQ:), Microsoft (NASDAQ:), Apple (NASDAQ:), Nike (NYSE:), Coca-Cola (NYSE:), and other major names. The same is true for the nascent and fast-changing DeFi sector, where the term is typically reserved only for the space’s oldest, largest, and most reputable protocols.
Surprisingly, despite having a precarious token launch in 2020, , the largest decentralized exchange for stablecoins on Ethereum, is the only protocol amongst the blue chips that has outperformed Ethereum this year. It started the year at $0.62 and, at time of writing, was trading at $5.58, marking a year-to-date increase of approximately 900%.
With Web3 on the horizon and sidechain and Layer 2 scaling solutions like Arbitrum, Optimism, ZK-Sync, and ZK-Starks picking up in pace, Ethereum blue chips will have ample opportunity to showcase their utility and make a fresh case to cryptocurrency investors.